1549 - autumn.
Here, Edward VI records the results of an unsuccessful war in Scotland, civil disturbances in England & the execution of the Protector's brother. Essentially, Somerset was in decline and the earls of Southampton and Warwick were on the rise. The following is Edward VI's opinion on the power struggle.
In the meantime in England rose great stirs, likely to increase much if it had not been well foreseen. The council, about nineteen of them, were gathered in London, thinking to meet with the Lord Protector and to make him amend some of his disorders. He, fearing his position, caused the secretary in my name to be sent to the lords to know for what cause they gathered their powers together and, if they meant to talk with him, to say that they should come in a peaceable manner. The next morning, being 6 October and Saturday, he commanded the armour to be brought out of the armoury of Hampton Court, about 500 harnesses, to arm both his and my men with it, the gates of the house to be fortified, and people to be raised. People came abundantly to the house. That night with all the people at nine or ten o'clock at night I went to Windsor, and there watch and ward was kept every night. The lords sat in the open places of London, calling gentlemen before them and declaring the causes of accusing the lord protector, and caused the same to be proclaimed.
After which time few came to Windsor, but only
the men of my own guard who the lords willed, fearing the rage of the people so
lately quieted. Then the protector began to treat by letters, sending Sir Phillip
Hoby, lately come from his embassy in Flanders to see his family, who brought on
his return a very gentle letter to the protector which he delivered to him,
another to me, another to my household, to declare his faults, ambition,
vainglory, entering into rash wars in my youth, negligence about Newhaven,
enriching himself from my treasure, following his own opinions, and doing all by
his own authority etc., which letters were openly read, and immediately the
lords came to Windsor, took him and brought him through Holborn to the Tower.
Afterwards I came to Hampton Court where they appointed by my consent six lords
of the council to be attendant on me, at least two, and four knights. Lords -
the marquis of Northampton, the earls of Warwick and Arundel, lords Russell, Sr John and
Wentworth. Knights - Sir
Andrew Dudley, Sir Edward Rogers, Sir Thomas Darcy, Sir
Thomas Wroth. Afterwards I came through London to Westminster. Lord Warwick
was made admiral of England. Sir Thomas Cheney was sent to the Emperor for
relief, which he could not obtain. Mr Nicholas Wootton was made secretary. The
lord protector, by his own agreement and submission, lost his protectorship,
treasureship, marshalship, all his movables and nearly 2,000 pds of lands, by
act of Parliament.
1551 - March.
The Princess Mary is under
renewed pressure to end the illegal Mass in her household. Edward VI recorded
the crisis in his journal.
The lady Mary, my sister, came to me to
Westminster, where after greetings she was called with my council into a chamber
where it was declared how long I had suffered her mass, in hope of her
reconciliation, and how now, there being no hope as I saw by her letters, unless
I saw some speedy amendment I could not bear it. She answered that her soul was
God's and her faith she would not change, nor hide her opinion with dissembled
doings. It was said I did not constrain her faith but willed her only as a
subject to obey. And that her example might lead to too much inconvenience.
On 19 March the Emperor's Ambassador came with
a short message from his master of threatened war, if I would not allow his
cousin the princess to use her mass. No answer was given to this at the time.
The following day the bishops of Canterbury,
London and Rochester, Thomas Cranmer, Nicholas Ridley and John Scory, concluded
that to give licence to sin was sin; to allow and wink at it for a time might be
born as long as all possible haste was used.
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