Edward TALBOT

(8th E. Shrewsbury)

Born: 25 Feb 1560/1, Sheffield, England

Christened: 25 Feb 1560, Sheffield, England

Acceded: 1616

Died: 8 Feb 1617, London, Middlessex, England

Buried: 9 Feb 1617, Westminster Abbey, London, Middlessex, England

Father: George TALBOT (6į E. Shrewsbury)

Mother: Gertrude MANNERS (C. Shrewsbury)

Married: Jane OGLE (C. Shrewsbury) 11 Dec 1583



The details in this biography come from the History of Parliament, a biographical dictionary of Members of the House of Commons.

Bap. 25 Feb 1561, third son of George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, by his first wife Gertrude Manners; brother of Gilbert and Henry. educ. Magdalen Coll. Oxf. 1579; travelled abroad 1582-3. m. Dec. 1583, Jane, e. dau. and coh. of Cuthbert, 7th Lord Ogle of Ogle, Northumb. and his wife Catherine Carnaby, 1s. d.v.p. Suc. bro. as 8th Earl of Shrewsbury 8 May 1616.

J.p. Northumb. from c.1592, sheriff 1601-2, 1609-10, custos rot. 1603; j.p. Yorks. (W. Riding) from 1602; muster commr. of the middle march 1596; member, high commission, province of York 1599, council in the north 1603-d, council in the marches of Wales 1616; jt. border commr. and guardian of peace 1618.

After leaving Oxford, Edward and his younger brother Henry went to court before leaving for a tour abroad early in 1582, in the company of their fatherís servant Thomas Baldwin. They went to Italy and France, where, under the general care of the ambassador, Sir Henry Cobham, they visited Paris and Orleans, and travelled in Brittany and Poitou. They returned in the summer of 1583, by which time his father had arranged for Edward to marry a daughter Cuthbert Ogle, Lord Ogle, a previous proposed match with Lord Burghleyís daughter Elizabeth having fallen through in 1574. Jane Ogleís younger sister Catherine later married Shrewsburyís stepson, Sir Charles Cavendish.

Both Talbot brothers were elected to the next two Parliaments summoned after their return to England, Henry for Derbyshire and Edward for Northumberland. Neither is named in the records of the House. Edward could have attended the subsidy committee appointed 24 Feb 1585.

Edward Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury

by Hieronimo Custodis c. 1586

Edward Talbot was not involved in the estrangement between his father and stepmother, Bess of Hardwick, but on his fatherís death in 1590 he declined to be an executor and soon quarrelled with his elder brother Gilbert, now 7th Earl, about the inheritance.

His uncle Roger Manners sided with Edward in the quarrel, as pieced out from the Talbot Papers and Hunterís Hallamshire: the History and Topography of the Parish of Sheffiel, as well as one letter of Manners, grew out of accusations by the Earl that his brother had made fraudulent claims to property, the Earl even accusing his brother of trying to poison him. A chemist long in the pay of the Countess of Shrewsbury, one Wood, was said to have assisted Sir Edward; the death of his brother was supposed to come from a pair of perfumed gloves. In 1594 Gilbert challenged Edward to a duel, which was declined in terms of studied moderation. The correspondence was shown to Queen Elizabeth, and no doubt served Edward well when Gilbert again challenged him, this time in Star Chamber. Gilbert charged Edward with conspiring with Wood, an apothecary, to poison him; Edward brought an action for slander against the physician. But the Queenís patience had been exhausted by the 6th Earlís behaviour towards Bess of Hardwick, and she was in any case less well disposed to the 7th Earl. After Gilbertís accusation of poison she banished him from court.

In 1597 the brothers were again opposed over the Yorkshire election, when Gilbert supported Sir John Savile and Sir William Fairfax against Sir John Stanhope and Sir Thomas Hoby. Edward was Stanhopeís lieutenant, and took a prominent part in the protests which followed his defeat. Gilbertís hatred of Edward re-emerged when, on his deathbed in 1616, he secured letters from the Privy Council forbidding Edward to enter the estates until he could establish a legal title, though he could not prevent him inheriting the earldom, and it was as 8th Earl of Shrewsbury that Edward Talbot died on 8 Feb 1618, in London. He was buried in Westminster Abbey next day.

He was succeeded by his cousin George Talbot of Grafton. Countess Jane erected a large monument for him, which is by the sculptor William Wright.

Sources:

TALBOT, Edward (c.1561-1618), of Bothal Castle, Northumb.
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