Henry Algernon PERCY

(5th E. Northumberland)

Born: 14 Jan 1478, Alnwick, Northumberland, England

Died: 19 May 1527

Buried: Beverley Minster, Beverley, Yorkshire, England

Notes: Knight of the Garter.

Father: Henry PERCY (4º E. Northumberland)

Mother: Maud HERBERT (C. Northumberland)

Married: Catherine SPENCER (C. Northumberland) BEF 1502


1. Henry Algernon PERCY (6º E. Northumberland)

2. Thomas PERCY (Sir)

3. Margaret PERCY (C. Cumberland)

4. Maud PERCY

5. Ingelram PERCY (Sir)

6. William PERCY

The Complete Peerage,V.ix,p719. Percy was son of Henry Percy, 4th Earl of Northumberland, by his wife Maud Herbert. Henry Algernon was brought up at the court of King Henry VII, while his sisters' marriages were the object of careful negotiation. He was made Knight of the Bath 21 Nov 1489, at the time when Prince Arthur was created Prince of Wales.

Henry Algernon Percy Succeeded his father on 28 Apr 1489, as 5th Earl of Northumberland.

Northumberland attended Henry VII at the conclusion of the Treaty of Etaples in 1492, and took a prominent part in the elaborate ceremony of 1494, when Prince Henry was created KB. In 1495 he was made a Knight of the Garter. In 1497 he served in the royal army against the Cornish rebels, and fought at the Battle of Blackheath; on 14 May 1498 he received livery of his lands, and entered into the management of his various castles and estates.

Acquired the sobriquet "Henry the Magnificent" for his expenditure on entertainment. On his various retinues of servants and followers he spent no less than £1,500 a year, and as the remainder had to meet all such expenses as his journeys to the court, and as his lifestyle was extraordinarily magnificent, he was soon in debt.

In 1500 Northumberland was at the meeting of Henry VII and the Archduke Philip. In 1501 he was appointed Constable of Knaresborough Castle, Steward of the Lordship of Knaresborough, and Master Forester of Knaresborough Forest. On 1 Apr 1502 he was a commissioner of oyer and terminer for London; he was also constantly in the commission of the peace for various counties. Northumberland received the important appointment of warden of the east marches towards Scotland on 30 Jun 1503, and one of his first duties was to escort Princess Margaret to Scotland on her way to join King James IV of Scotland, and his splendid dress and numerous servants was said to have pleased the princess.

Northumberland married Catherine Spencer (d. 1542), a daughter of Sir Robert Spencer of Spencer Combe in the parish of Crediton, Devon, by his wife Eleanor Beaufort, Countess of Ormonde, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, KG. By Catherine he had three sons and two daughters.

Northumberland seems to have irritated Henry VII just before the latter's death. Without royal licence he had disposed of the wardship and marriage of Elizabeth Hastings, daughter and heiress of John Hastings, 11th Baron Hastings and was fined the large sum of £10,000. It is extraordinary that he managed to pay half the sum before Henry VIII became king in 1509. The new king cancelled the remainder of the debt on 21 Mar 1510. On 4 Feb 1512 he was a trier of petitions from Gascony and beyond the sea. In 1511/12 the Northumberland Household book (a detailed record of the earl's household management) was compiled. It refers mainly to the residences at Leconfield and Wressle in Yorkshire and gives details of the numerous servants of various kinds. It is one of the few such records from a non-royal household. Northumberland served in the war of 1513 as a grand captain, with a very large retinue. From Calais he went to the siege of Thérouanne and at the Battle of the Spurs he commanded the "showrers and forridors", Northumberland men on light geldings. The next year he was a chief commissioner of array for various counties.

As Thomas Wolsey rose, the great nobles had one by one to submit to his dominant position. Northumberland, on the advice of Will Hatty, was suspected of being too friendly with Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham who was executed for treason in 1521. On a charge of interfering with the King's prerogative concerning wardships, he was cast into the Fleet Prison in 1516, possibly only so that Wolsey might obtain the credit of getting him out. He was examined in the Court of the Star Chamber, and soon set free.

Northumberland was friendly with George Talbot, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury, and they arranged to go together on a pilgrimage in 1516. Shrewsbury had been anxious to marry-off his daughter to a son of Buckingham's, but having disputed about money matters, the parents broke off the match. It was then arranged, most unfortunately as it turned out, that the lady should marry Northumberland's son, Lord Percy. In Jun 1517 Northumberland met Queen Margaret of Scotland at York to conduct her on her way home, which duty he had undertaken with reluctance, doubtless from want of money, and his wife was excused attendance. In 1518 he was one of those who held lands in Calais. Wolsey in 1519, in a letter to the King, expressed suspicions of his loyalty,[10] but he escaped the fate of the Duke of Buckingham, and was at the Field of the Cloth of Gold, where he was a judge of the lists.

In 1517 Northumberland had a grant of the Honour of Holderness. He was present at Henry's meeting with the Emperor in May 1522, and attested the ratification of the treaty made. He seems to have been offered, but not to have accepted, the wardenship of all the marches towards Scotland in 1523, and is said to have incurred the contempt of his tenants by his refusal. But he remained active while Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey was in chief command. In 1523 he made an inroad into Scotland, and was falsely accused by Lord Dacre of going to war with the Crosskeys of York, a royal badge, on his banner; he cleared himself easily enough. In 1524 he was again on the border. In 1525 he had some trouble with the Council of the North, of which he had been a member since 1522; but he cleared himself, and took part in the ceremony for the creation of Henry Fitzroy, Henry VIII's natural son, as Earl of Nottingham.

He died at Wressle Castle on 19 May 1527, and was buried at Beverley Minster in the Percy Chapel, where he had built a splendid shrine.

Northumberland displayed magnificence in his tastes, and being one of the richest magnates of his day, kept a very large household establishment, and was fond of building. Leland praised the devices for the library at Wressell, presumably arranged by him. He encouraged the poet John Skelton, who wrote the elegy on his father. A manuscript formerly in his possession (British Museum Reg. Bib. 18 D ii.) consists of poems, chiefly by Lydgate.

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