Mary ARUNDELL

(C. Sussex / C. Arundel)

Died: 20 Oct 1557, Arundel House, Strand, London

Buried: 28 Oct 1557

Father: John ARUNDELL of Laherne (Sir)

Mother: Catherine GRENVILLE

Married 1: Robert RADCLIFFE (1° E. Sussex) 14 Jan 1536/7

Children:

1. Henry RADCLIFFE (b. Mar 1538 - d. young)

2. John RADCLIFFE (Sir)

Married 2: Henry FITZALAN (18° E. Arundel) 19 Dec 1545


Mary Arundell was the only child of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall, by his second wife, Catherine Grenville, a daughter of Sir Thomas Grenville (d.1513).

She came to court in 1536, maid of honor to Queen Jane Seymour before she married the Earl of Sussex, 1537, as his third wife. She remained at court as one of Jane’s ladies until the Queen’s death. On 12 Nov 1537 Mary was in the first Chariot at Queen Jane’s Funeral Procession, with Eleanor Paston, Countess of Rutland; Frances Brandon, Marchioness of Dorset; Mabel Clifford, Countess of Southampton; Cecily Daubeney, Countess of Bath; Lady Margaret Douglas and Elizabeth Trussell, Countess of Oxford.

Mary returned as one of the Great Ladies of the Household to Anne of Cleves and Catherine Howard. She was a gentlewoman of the King's daughter, Princess Mary. She had two sons by Sussex, the king's godson, probably named Henry, and John.

Mary's half brother, Sir Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle, is said to have arranged her first marriage to Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex, and at the same time to have entered into negotiations with Thomas Cromwell, who wished to marry his son, Gregory, to Sir Thomas Arundell's sister, Jane Arundell (d. 1577). In the end, Jane did not marry, but served as a gentlewoman in the household of Queen Mary, and eventually returned to Lanherne, her father, Sir John Arundell, having provided for her financially.

The Hans Holbein the Younger drawing at Windsor inscribed “The Lady Ratclif” have many likely candidates: Isabel Harvey, wife of Humprey Radcliffe, Sussex's younger son; Elizabeth Howard, Lady Fitzwalter; Margaret Stanley, Countess of Sussex; or Mary Arundell, Countess of Sussex.

After the Sussex’s death Mary married, on 19 Dec 1545, Henry Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel, as his second wife. There was no issue from the marriage, from which however Mary Arundell became stepmother to her husband's three children: Joan; Henry, lord Maltravers; and Mary.

Lady Radcliffe

(possibly Isabel Harvey)

By Hans Holbein

Mary is said by some to have been famous as a translator of Greek and Latin epigrams and the writings of Emperor Severus, but they appear to have confused her with her stepdaughter. It is now known that these four collections of sententiae from Greek and English sources (BL, Royal MSS 12 A.i–iv) were translated into Latin, not by Mary Arundell, but by Mary Fitzalan, later the first wife of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, and dedicated as New Year's gifts to her father, Mary Arundell's second husband, Henry Fitzalan, 18th Earl of Arundel. Two were written before Mary Fitzalan's marriage and two afterwards, the final one having been co-translated with her stepbrother, John Radcliffe, Mary Arundell's only surviving son from her first marriage to Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex.

A glimpse of her domestic life and some of her correspondence can be found in M. St. Clare Byrne’s edition of The Lisle Letters.

She died at Arundel House (aka Bath Place) on the Strand and was buried in St. Clement Danes, 1557, but she was later removed to Arundel for reburial. A lead coffin, said to contain her remains, was found at Arundel Castle in 1847, and is now buried beneath the floor of the Fitzalan chapel there.

Sources:

Cokayne, G.E.; Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed.. 13 volumes in 14. 1910-1959. Reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000, volume I, pg 252.

Pine, L. G.. The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms. London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972. pg 9.

Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke’s Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003, volume I, page 1442.

Joseph Sympson. Two scenes depicting the State Opening of Parliament in the Reign of Henry VIII (fictional), 18th Century. NPG Online.

G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 250.

Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). “Arundel, Earls of“. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 706–709.

Hodgson-Wright, Stephanie (2004). Howard , Mary, duchess of Norfolk (1539/40–1557). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

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