Sir Robert CONSTABLE of Everingham, Knight
Born: BEF 1495 / ABT 1502 / 1511, Everingham, Yorkshire, England
Died: 1558, Everingham, Yorkshire, England
Father: Marmaduke CONSTABLE of Everingham (Sir Knight)
Mother: Barbara SOOTHILL
Married: Catherine MANNERS ABT 1526
1. Marmaduke CONSTABLE (Sir Knight)
2. Robert CONSTABLE
3. Elizabeth CONSTABLE
4. Margaret CONSTABLE
5. Barbara CONSTABLE
6. Everilda CONSTABLE
7. John CONSTABLE (Sir)
8. George CONSTABLE (b. 1539)
9. Michael CONSTABLE
10. Eleanor CONSTABLE
11. Jane CONSTABLE
12. William CONSTABLE
13. Thomas CONSTABLE (b. 1547)
The details in this biography come from the History of Parliament, a biographical dictionary of Members of the House of Commons.
Member of Parliament for Yorkshire Mar 1553, Oct 1553, 1555? Knighted 19 May 1544; Succeeded father 12 Sep 1545. Justice of the Peace, Yorks. (East and North Riding) 1545-death; commissioner sewers (East Riding) 1545, Humber 1553, Holdenshire 1555, relief (East and North Ridings) 1550, goods of churches and fraternaties (East Riding) 1553; sheriff, Yorks. 1557-death.
Like his father and grandfather, Robert Constable saw much service against the Scots. He was knighted by Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford during the campaign of 1544 but was taken prisoner in the following spring: he wrote to Francis Talbot, 5th Earl of Shrewsbury from Edinburgh on 19 Mar asking to be ransomed or exchanged. In Sep 1548 his brother-in-law Sir Richard Manners, whom Hertford, now Duke of Somerset and Protector, had appointed deputy-warden of the east and middle marches, asked Shrewsbury to allow Constable to help him in the east march, and it may have been while doing so that Constable captured Archibald Douglas, Laird of Glenverbie, whom he had with him at Everingham in the following Jan.
Constable also followed his forbears in sitting as a knight for Yorkshire. He is known to have done so in the two Parliaments of 1553 and may have sat for a third time in 1555, when the loss of the christian name from the return leaves it in doubt whether he or Sir John Constable of Burton Constable was elected: the balance of probability lies with Sir Robert, as Sir John sat on other occasions only for his neighboring borough of Hedon. Apart from his military record and several years' service on the bench, Constable could doubtless count on the support of the Earls of Shrewsbury and Rutland: Shrewsbury both advocated and prepared for the Parliament of Mar 1553, and his involvement in the succession conspiracy was reluctant enough for him to make his peace with Mary and continue to wield his patronage during her reign. That Constable made the transition without difficulty is shown by his retention on the commission of the peace and his appointment as sheriff, and it is no surprise to find that as a Member of the 1st Marian Parliament he did not stand 'for the true religion', this is, for Protestantism, or in the 4th- if he was in that one- follow the lead of Sir Anthony Kingston in voting against one of the government's bills. Whether it was he or Sir John Constable to whom a less contentious bill, to establish a standard measure throughout the realm, was committed after its second reading on 17 Oct 1533 the omission in the Journal of a christian name leaves uncertain. As sheriff in 1557-1558 Constable, himself debarred from election, was responsible for returning both Sir John Constable for Hedon and Sir Richard Cholmley, his cousin, as knight of the shire.
Constable did not survice the reign of Mary, dying on 29 Oct 1558. By his will, which he had made on the previous 1 Sep, he provided for his three surviving younger sons and three married daughters (of whom Elizabeth was the wife of Edward Ellerker) and he appointed as executors his wife and his eldest son Marmaduke, who had been knighted in 1547.
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