Sir William PELHAM of Brocklesby, Knight

Born: 10 Apr 1567, Brocklesby, Lincolnshire, England

Died: 1629

Father: William PELHAM of Brocklesby (Sir Knight)

Mother: Eleanor NEVILLE

Married: Anne WILLOUGHBY BEF 1593

Children:

1. William PELHAM of Brocklesby (d. 1644) (m. Frances Conway)

2. Henry PELHAM

3. Son PELHAM

4. Dau. PELHAM

5. Son PELHAM

6. Son PELHAM

7. Son PELHAM

8. Son PELHAM

9. Son PELHAM


The details in this biography come from the History of Parliament, a biographical dictionary of Members of the House of Commons.

Born 10 Apr 1567, first son of Sir William Pelham of Brocklesby by Eleanor, dau. of Henry Neville, 5 E. Westmorland. Educ. New Coll, Oxf. 1582; G. Inn 1588. Married, by 1593, Anne, dau. of Charles, 2nd Baron Willoughby of Parham. Suc. family 1587. Kntd. 1603. J.p. Lincs. (Lindsey) from 1584, (Holland, Kesteven) 1584-7; commr. musters, Lincs. 17 May 1601, sheriff 1602-3, dep. lt. 1624.

Pelham's father had died in debt to the Crown, and in 1590 Pelham had to surrender the lease of Killingholme rectory, worth 100 a year, in part payment, Elizabeth allowing him to lease it again at 50 p.a. As the debt was apparently over 9,000, there must presumably have been other payments, but the details are lacking. Many years later, referring to some of his obligations (probably including those inherited from his father) Pelham said it would doubtless be discovered that they had been paid if the records could be found, and described them as the prey of some caterpillar of the community. Still, he was of standing enough to be returned as knight of the shire, possibly helped by the influence of Roger Manners, 5th Earl of Rutland, to whom he sometimes sent gifts.

The Mr. Pelham in the journals of the 1597 Parliament is probably Edmund, but as a knight of the shire in that year William Pelham could have attended the committees on enclosures (5 Nov), the poor law (5, 22 Nov), armour and weapons (8 Nov), penal laws (8 Nov), monopolies (10 Nov), the subsidy (15 Nov) and draining the fens (3 Dec). He was required to contribute a light horse for service in Ireland. While serving as sheriff in 1603 he escorted James I from Newark to Belvoir, where he was knighted. He died in 1629, his will, dated 10 Dec 1628, being proved on 13 Jul 1629. His son and successor William was a royalist commander, and a younger son, Henry, a supporter of Parliament.

Sources:

DNB (Pelham, Sir William)

Lincs. Peds. (Harl. Soc. lii), 765-6; APC, xxxi. 358; CSP Dom. 1623-5, p. 396.

Collins, Peerage, viii. 387; C142/217/120

Nichols, Progresses Jas. I, i. 90-1

D'Ewes, 552, 553, 555, 557, 561, 567

Maddison, Lincs. Wills, 167-8

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