Lord High Treasurer

Lord High Treasurer is an ancient English government position, the fourth-ranking Great Officer of State.

The English Treasury seems to have come into existence around 1126, in the reign of King Henry I, as the financial responsibilities were separated from the rest of the job that evolved into Lord Great Chamberlain. The Treasury was the section of the royal household where the King kept his treasures, and the head of the treasury was called Lord Treasurer or later Lord High Treasurer. By Tudor times, the Lord High Treasurer had achieved a place among the Great Officers immediately behind the Lord Chancellor and ahead of the Lord President of the Council.

In the 16th century the Lord Treasurer was often considered the most important official of the government, especially in the time of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley. However, in the 17th century it became increasingly common to entrust the Treasury not to one person, but to a board of Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, and after the brief term of Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury as Lord High Treasurer ended in 1714, this has been the invariable practice.

Office Holder

Year
of
appointment

Nigel (nephew of Roger, Bishop of Salisbury) c.1126-res. 1133
Adelelm (nephew of Roger, Bishop of Salisbury) c.1136-dism.1139
Richard FitzNeal, Dean of Lincoln, Bishop of London c.1158-1189
William of Ely, Archdeacon of Cleveland 1196-res. Aug 1215
Eustace of Fauconberg, Bishop of London 4 Nov 1217-Oct 1228
Walter Mauclerc, Bishop of Carlisle 13 Nov 1228-1233
Peter des Rivaux, Canon of St. Paul's 14 Jan 1233-1234
Hugh Pateshull, Bishop of Coventry 1 Jun 1234
William Haverhill, Canon of Lichfield Mar 1240-23 Aug 1252
Phillip Lovell, Archdeacon of Coventry 27 Aug 1252-rem. Oct 1258
John Crakehall, Archdeacon of Bedford 2 Nov 1258-10 Sep 1260
John of Caux, Abbot of Petersborough 28 Oct 1260-Mar 1263
Nicholas of Ely 6 May 1263-vac. 19 Jul 1263
Henry, Prior of St. Radegund Jul 1263-Nov 1263
John Chishull (acting) Nov 1263
Roger de la Leye (acting) 30 Nov 1263
Henry, Prior of St. Radegund 3 Nov 1264-summer 1265
Thomas Wymondham, Preceptor of Lichfield 23 Oct 1265
John Chishull 6 Feb 1270-vac. 9 Jun 1271
Phillip of Eye, Canon of St. Paul's 16 Oct 1271
Sir Joseph Chauncy, Prior of the Knights of St. John in England 2 Oct 1273
Richard Ware, Abbot of Westminster 18 Jun 1280-1283
John Kirkby, Bishop of Ely 6 Jan 1284-26 Mar 1290
William Mar, Bishop of Bath and Wells 6 Apr 1290
John Droxford (acting) 16 Aug 1295
Walter Langton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield 28 Sep 1295
Walter Reynolds, Bishop of Worcester 22 Aug 1307
John Sandall, Provost of Wells 6 Jul 1310
Walter Norwich (acting) 23 Oct 1311
Walter Langton, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield 23 Jan 1312
Walter Norwich, acting 17 May 1312
John Sandall (acting) 4 Oct 1312
Walter Noriwich 26 Sep 1314
John Hotham, Bishop of Ely 27 May 1317
John Walwayn, Canon of St. Paul's and Hereford 10 Jun 1318
John Sandall, Bishop of Winchester 16 Nov 1318
Walter Norwich (acting) 29 Sep 1319
Walter Stapeldon, Bishop of Exeter 18 Feb 1320
Walter Norwich (acting) 25 Aug 1321
Walter Stapeldon, Bishop of Exeter 10 May 1322
William Melton, Archbishop of York 3 Jul 1325
John Stratford, Bishop of Winchester 14 Nov 1326
Adam Orleton, Bishop of Hereford 28 Jan 1327
Henry Burghersh, Bishop of Lincoln 28 Mar 1327
Thomas Charlton, Bishop of Hereford 2 Jul 1328
Robert Wodehouse, Archdeacon of Richmond 16 Sep 1329
William Melton, Archbishop of York 1 Dec 1330
William Airmyn, Bishop of Norwich 1 Apr 1331
Robert Ayleston, Archdeacon of Berkshire 29 Mar 1332
Richard Bury, Bishop of Durham 9 Mar 1334
Henry Burghersh, Bishop of Lincoln 1 Aug 1334
William La Zouche, Dean of York 24 Mar 1337
Robert Wodehouse, Archdeacon of Richmond 10 Mar 1338
William De la Zouche, Dean of York 31 Dec 1338
Sir Robert Sadington 5 May 1340
Roger Northburgh, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield 26 Jun 1340-1 dism. Dec 1340
Sir Robert Parving 15 Jan 1341
William Cusance 30 Oct 1341
William Edington, Bishop of Winchester 10 Apr 1344
John Sheppey, Bishop of Rochester 29 Nov 1356
Simon Langham, Bishop of Ely 23 Nov 1360
John Barnet, Bishop of Bath and Wells and of Ely 20 Feb 1363
Thomas Brantingham, Bishop of Exeter 27 Jun 1369
Richard Scrope, Lord Scrope of Bolton 27 Mar 1371
Sir Robert Ashton 26 Sep 1375
Henry Wakefield, Bishop of Worcester 14 Jan 1377
Thomas Brantingham, Bishop of Exeter 19 Jul 1377
Sir Robert Hales, Prior of the Order of St. John 1 Feb 1381-14 Jun 1381
Sir Hugh Seagrave 10 Aug 1381
John Fordham, Bishop of Durham 17 Jan 1386
John Gilbert, Bishop of Hereford 24 Oct 1386
Thomas Brantingham 4 May 1389
John Gilbert, Bishop of St David's 20 Aug 1389
John Waltham, Bishop of Salisbury 2 May, 1391
Roger Walden, Archbishop of Canterbury 20 Sep 1395
Guy De Mohun, Bishop of St. David's 22 Jan 1398
William Scrope, 1st Earl of Wiltshire 17 Sep 1398-30 Jul 1399
John Norbury 3 Sep 1399
Laurence Allerthorp, Canon of London 31 May 1401
Henry Bowet, Bishop of Bath and Wells 27 Feb 1402
Guy De Mohun, Bishop of St. David's 25 Oct 1402
William Ros, Lord Roos of Helmsley 9 Sep 1403
Thomas Neville, Lord Furnival 5 Dec 1404-14 Mar 1407
Nicholas Bubwith, Bishop of London 15 Apr 1407
Sir John Tiptoft 14 Jul 1408
Henry Scrope, Lord Scrope of Masham 6 Jan 1410-dism. 20 Dec 1411
Sir John Pelham 23 Dec 1411
Thomas Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel 21 Mar 1413-13 Oct 1415
Sir Hugh Mortimer 10 Jan 1416-13 Apr 1416
Sir Robert Leche 17 Apr 1416-dism. 23 Nov 1416
Henry FitzHugh, Lord FitzHugh 6 Dec 1416
William Kinwolmarsh, Dean of St. Martin's le-Grand 26 Feb 1421
John Stafford, Bishop of Bath and Wells 18 Dec 1422
Walter Hungerford, 1st Lord Hungerford 16 Mar 1426
John Scrope, Lord Scrope of Masham 26 Feb 1432
Ralph Cromwell, Lord Cromwell 11 Aug 1433
Ralph Butler, 1st Lord Sudley 7 Jul 1443
Marmaduke Lumley, Bishop of Carlisle 18 Dec 1446
John Fiennes, 1st Lord Saye and Sele 16 Sep 1449
John Beauchamp, 1st Lord Beauchamp of Powick 22 Jun 1450
John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester 15 Apr 1452
James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond and 1st Earl of Wiltshire 15 Mar 1455
Henry Bourchier, 1st Viscount Bourchier 29 May 1455
John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury 5 Oct 1456
James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond and 1st Earl of Wiltshire 30 Oct 1458
Henry Bourchier, 1st Viscount Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex 28 Jul 1460
John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester 14 Apr 1462
Edmund Grey, Lord Grey of Ruthin 24 Jun 1463
Walter Blount, 1st Baron Mountjoy 24 Nov 1464
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers 4 Mar 1466-12 Aug 1469
Sir John Langstrother 16 Aug 1469
William De Grey, Bishop of Ely 25 Oct 1469
John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester 10 Jul 1470-18 Oct 1470
Sir John Langstrother 20 Oct 1470
Henry Bourchier, 1st Earl of Essex 22 Apr 1471-4 Apr 1483
Sir John Wood 17 May 1483-25 Oct 1484
John Touchet, 8th Baron Audley 6 Dec 1484-dism. Aug 1485
John Dynham, 1st Baron Dynham 14 Jul 1486
Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk 16 Jun 1501
Thomas Howard, 3nd Duke of Norfolk 4 Dec 1524-vac. 12 Dec 1546
Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset 10 Feb 1547-dep. 10 Oct 1549
William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester 3 Feb 1550
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley Jul 1572
Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset 15 May 1599-19 Apr 1608
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury 4 May 1608
Commission:  Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton (1st Lord) & others 17 Jun 1612
Commission: Thomas Egerton, 1st Lord Ellesmere (1st Lord) & others 24 Jun 1613
Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk 11 Jul 1614-susp.1618
Commission: George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (1st Lord) & others Jul 1618
Henry Montagu, 1st Viscount Mandeville 14 Dec 1620
Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex 29 Sep 1621-susp. 25 Apr 1624
James Ley, 1st Earl of Marlborough 11 Dec 1624
Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland 15 Jul 1628
Commission: William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (1st Lord) & others 15 Mar 1635
William Juxon, Bishop of London 6 Mar 1636
to Titles Page to Life Page to Home Page